Futures from the Past

A Clockwork Orange (film, 1971)

A Clockwork Orange (film, 1971)

Author: Stanley Kubrick

A Clockwork Orange¬†is a 1971¬†science fiction¬†crime film¬†adapted, produced, and directed by¬†Stanley Kubrick, based on¬†Anthony Burgess‘s¬†1962 novel of the same name. It employs disturbing, violent images to comment on¬†psychiatry,¬†juvenile delinquency, youth gangs, and other social, political, and economic subjects in a near-future Britain.

Alex¬†(Malcolm McDowell), the central character, is a charismatic, antisocial delinquent whose interests include¬†classical music¬†(especially¬†Beethoven), committing rape, theft and what is termed “ultra-violence”. He leads a small gang of thugs, Pete (Michael Tarn), Georgie (James Marcus), and Dim (Warren Clarke), whom he calls his¬†droogs¬†(from the¬†Russian¬†word –ī—Ä—É–≥, “friend”, “buddy”). The film chronicles the horrific crime spree of his gang, his capture, and attempted rehabilitation via an experimental psychological conditioning technique (the “Ludovico Technique”) promoted by the Minister of the Interior (Anthony Sharp). Alex narrates most of the film in¬†Nadsat, a fractured adolescent slang composed of¬†Slavic¬†(especially Russian), English, and¬†Cockney rhyming slang.

The film premiered in New York City on 19 December 1971 and was released in the United Kingdom on 13 January 1972. The film was met with polarised reviews from critics and was controversial due to its depictions of graphic violence. After it was cited as having inspired copycat acts of violence, the film was later withdrawn from British cinemas at Kubrick’s behest, and it was also banned in several other countries. In the years following, the film underwent a critical re-evaluation and gained a¬†cult following. It received several awards and nominations, including four nominations at the¬†44th Academy Awards.

In 2020, the film was selected for preservation in the United States¬†National Film Registry¬†by the¬†Library of Congress as being …” (View the whole article in¬†Wikipedia)

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