Futures from the Past

The Invincible

The Invincible

Author: Stanislaw Lem

“The Invincible (Polish: Niezwyciężony) is a hard science fiction novel by Polish writer Stanisław Lem, published in 1964.

The Invincible originally appeared as the title story in Lem’s collection Niezwyciężony i inne opowiadania (“The Invincible and Other Stories”). A translation into German was published in 1967; an English translation by Wendayne Ackerman, based on the German one, was published in 1973. A direct translation into English from Polish, by Bill Johnston, was published in 2006.

It was one of the first[nb 1] novels to explore the ideas of microrobots, smartdust, artificial swarm intelligence, and “necroevolution” (a term suggested by Lem for the evolution of non-living matter). ” (View the whole article in Wikipedia)

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